Philadelphia, recognized colloquially as Philly, is the largest city in the U.S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and the sixth-most populous U.S. city with a 2018 census-estimated population of one,584,138. Since 1854, the city has had the very same geographic boundaries as Philadelphia County, the most populous county in Pennsylvania and the urban core of the eighth-largest U.S. metropolitan statistical area, with in excess of six million residents as of 2017. Philadelphia is also the economic and cultural anchor of the higher Delaware Valley, located along the reduced Delaware and Schuylkill Rivers, within the Northeast megalopolis. The Delaware Valley’s population of seven.two million ranks it as the eighth-largest combined statistical area in the United States.
Philadelphia is 1 of the oldest municipalities in the United States. William Penn, an English Quaker, founded the city in 1682 to serve as capital of the Pennsylvania Colony. Philadelphia played an instrumental role in the American Revolution as a meeting area for the Founding Fathers of the United States, who signed the Declaration of Independence in 1776 at the 2nd Continental Congress, and the Constitution at the Philadelphia Convention of 1787. Many other crucial occasions occurred in Philadelphia in the course of the Revolutionary War which includes the 1st Continental Congress, the preservation of the Liberty Bell, the Battle of Germantown, and the Siege of Fort Mifflin. Philadelphia remained the nation’s largest city till becoming overtaken by New York City in 1790 the city was also 1 of the nation’s capitals in the course of the revolution, serving as temporary U.S. capital although Washington, D.C. was under construction. In the 19th century, Philadelphia became a main industrial center and a railroad hub. The city grew from an influx of European immigrants, most of whom came from Ireland, Italy and Germany—the three largest reported ancestry groups in the city as of 2015. In the early 20th century, Philadelphia became a prime destination for African Americans in the course of the Great Migration after the Civil War, as well as Puerto Ricans. The city’s population doubled from 1 million to two million men and women among 1890 and 1950.
The Philadelphia area’s many universities and schools make it a top review destination, as the city has evolved into an educational and economic hub. As of 2019, the Philadelphia metropolitan area is estimated to produce a gross metropolitan solution (GMP) of $490 billion. Philadelphia is the center of economic activity in Pennsylvania and is home to five Fortune 1000 firms. The Philadelphia skyline is expanding, with a marketplace of almost 81,900 industrial properties in 2016, which includes many nationally prominent skyscrapers. Philadelphia has far more outside sculptures and murals than any other American city. Fairmount Park, when combined with the adjacent Wissahickon Valley Park in the very same watershed, is 1 of the largest contiguous urban park locations in the United States. The city is recognized for its arts, culture, cuisine, philadelphia escorts and colonial background, attracting 42 million domestic tourists in 2016 who invested $six.8 billion, creating an estimated $eleven billion in complete economic effect in the city and surrounding four counties of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia has also emerged as a biotechnology hub.